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How does the IPO process work?

A joint-stock business may list on the stock market thanks to IPOs (Initial Public Offering). It is ingested in three ways:

Offer for Public Subscription (OPS): When shareholders can purchase newly issued shares

When investors can purchase shares that the current shareholders already own, this is known as a public offer of sale (OPV).

A hybrid of the public sale and subscription business models. Only if newly issued shares are posted on the stock exchange will the company that is listed on the stock market experience a capital increase. There won’t be a capital increase if shares that other shareholders already own are sold; instead, the old shareholders will sell all or a portion of their assets to the new shareholders. The security may be traded on the stock market following the listing. and especially in the ‘secondary market,’


Large blocks of shares in a firm are sold as part of a pre-IPO placement, which occurs before the company is listed on a public exchange. You can buy pre-IPO stock through platforms that allow owners to sell private shares online.


When shares are traded on the open market, investors who own big blocks of them have two options for selling them: either directly to the public through a secondary market offering at a set price, or piecemeal in the open market.


A pre-IPO placement is a sale of large blocks of stock in a company in advance of its listing on a public exchange.


Once shares are traded in the open market, investors holding large blocks of shares, can either sell those shares piecemeal in the open market or sell a large block of shares directly to the public, at a fixed price, through a secondary market offering.

How does the IPO process work?

The IPOs allow the landing on the stock market of a joint-stock company. It is consumed in 3 ways:
Public subscription offer (OPS): When investors can subscribe to newly issued shares
Public offer of sale (OPV): When investors can subscribe to shares already held by the current shareholders
Public offer of sale and subscription: a mix between the first two. The company that is listed on the stock market will see its capital increase only if it places newly issued shares on the stock exchange. In the event that shares already held by other shareholders are sold, there will be no capital increase, but the sale of the property, in whole or in part, from the old to the new shareholders. After the listing, the security can be traded on the stock market. And in particular on the so-called secondary market.


Primary Market

Security creation takes place on the primary market. Firms first offer new stocks and bonds to the public on this market, or “float.” A primary market is something like an initial public offering, or IPO.

These transactions give investors the chance to purchase securities from the bank that handled the initial underwriting for a specific stock. An initial public offering (IPO) happens when a private company first releases stock to the general public.

Investors exchange securities in the secondary market. The term “stock market” is frequently used to describe the secondary market.

Investors trading among themselves is what makes the secondary market unique. Investors trade previously issued securities without the involvement of the issuing businesses in the secondary market.

Secondary Market